There are things that everyone can do to help conserve water. When it comes to using water, Americans are some of the world’s biggest users per capita. Americans in the United States use 79.6 billion gallons worth of groundwater on a daily basis – which is the equivalent of 2,923 12-ounce cans for every woman, man, and child in the country.
A majority of surface water bodies like streams, rivers, and lakes are connected to groundwater. Conservation matters, whether your water comes from surface water or groundwater.
The Basics of Water Conservation
Nearly three-quarters of the water that is used inside of the house takes place in the bathroom, with around ee percent used for bathings and 41 percent for flushing toilets. The U.S. EPA reports that the rest of indoor water use is divided between use in the kitchen, including dishwashing and clothes washing.
The use of outdoor water varies across the country. For example, in44 percent of the total used of household water in California is used outdoors, but in Pennsylvania, just 7 percent is used outside.
Understanding where you use the most water can give you clues on where you can conserve the most water.
Water Conservation Tips
Never pour any water down your drain when you could use it elsewhere, such as watering your garden or indoor plants.
Repair dripping toilets and faucets. One drop of water per seconds wastes a total of 2,700 galls of water per year.
Retrofit your household faucets by putting aerators that have flow restrictors on them.
Choose energy and water-efficient appliances.
When you aren’t using water, like when you are brushing your teeth, don’t run the faucet.
Run the dishwasher only when you have a full load, and only use its “light wash” feature if there is one, to use even less water.
Store drinking water inside of the refrigerator to save water instead of running the tap until there is cool water.
Avoid wasting water while you are waiting for it to become hot. Use it for other purposes like watering your plants.
Only use the washing machine when it is completely loaded, or set the level of water to match the load size.
Periodically check the well pump. You might have a leak if your automatic pump turns off and on when the water isn’t being used.
Plant drought-tolerant and/or native trees, shrubs, ground cover, and grasses. After they have become established, they won’t need water as often, and usually can survive dry spells.
Install the most water-efficient irrigation devices for each use. Soaker hoses and drip and micro-irrigation are some of the types of efficient devices that are available.
Use mulch to keep moisture inside the soil.
Avoid purchasing recreational water toys that need constant water stream.
Add a shutoff nozzle to your hose so you can adjust it to a fine spray.
Caring For Your Lawn
Do not over-water the lawn. When it rains heavily it eliminates having to water for as long as two weeks. During most times of the year, lawns need just one inch of water a week.
Water in several brief sessions instead of one long one, so that your lawn can absorb the moisture better.
Position your sprinkler so water lands on your shrubs and lawn instead of paved areas.
Don’t use sprinklers that spray find mists. Mists of water can evaporate in the air before it ever gets to your lawn.
Raise up the blade on your mower. A higher cut will help to encourage the roots of the grass to grow deeper, hold soil moisture, and provide the root system with shade.
Get a water-saving pool filter installed. A single back-flushing using a traditional filter consumes 190-250 gallons of water.
To reduce water evaporation, cover spas and pools.